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Messier Catalog number:

M1 M1(#2) M1(#3) M8 M16 M16(#2) M17 M17(#2) M20 M20(#2) M27 M27(#2) M27(#3) M42 M42 Wing M46 M46(#2) M57 M57(#2) M76 M76(#2) M78 M97 M97(#2)

NGC number:

40 40(#2) 40(#3) 246 246(#2) 281 1491 1501 1514 1514(#2) 1535 1788 1931 1977 1999 1999(#2) 2024 2261 2261(#2) 2261(#3) 2346 2359 2371 2392 2438 2438(#2) 2438(#3) 2440 3132 3242 3242(#2) 3242(#3) 3918 4361 5315 5882 6302 6302(#2) 6369 6369(#2) 6445 6543 6543(#2) 6563 6751 6772 6772(#2) 6781 6781(#2) 6781(#3) 6781(#4) 6820 6820(#2) 6826 6826(#2) 6888 6905 6914 6914(#2) 6960 6960(#2) 6992 7008 7008(#2) 7009 7009(#2) 7023 7048 7048(#2) 7133 7133(#2) 7133(#3) 7139 7139(#2) 7293 7293(#2) 7635 7635(#2) 7662

Other catalog numbers/other names:

Abell39 B33 B33(#2) B33(#3) B33(#4) B86 Cederblad 201 Cone Nebula DG114 Eskimo GGD27 (IR Nebula) GK Persei Helix Henize 2-47 Horsehead Horsehead(#2) Horsehead(#3) Horsehead(#4) Hubble 5 IC63 IC410 IC443 IC1318 IC2172 IC4634 Jonckheere 900 LW Cass Nebula McNeil's Nebula Minkowski 2-9 Minkowski's Butterfly PK64+5.1 PK80-6.1 PK164+31.1 PK318+41 QX Puppis QX Puppis(#2) Running Man SH2-72 SH2-80 SH2-86 SH2-112 SH2-132 SH2-135 SH2-140 SH2-142 SH2-142(#2) SH2-188 SH2-224 SH2-231 SH2-232 SH2-235 SH2-311 Tadpoles Thor's Helmet V838 Mon V838 Mon Movie VDB142 Veil Veil(#2) Veil(#3) Veil (#4)

THUMBNAIL NEBULA IMAGES (click on image to enlarge)


LRGB image of star cluster NGC 7380 and star-formation nebula SH2-142 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 10/29/16 from Johnson City, Texas. Twenty-four 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of planetary nebula NGC 3242 ("Ghost of Jupiter") in Hydra, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 5/6/16 from the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas. Twenty-five 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


RGB image of NGC 2261 (Hubble's Variable Nebula) in Monoceros, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 3/4/16 from Friendswood, Texas. Seven 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


*LRGB image of nebula IC410 in Auriga, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 3/1/16 from Friendswood, Texas, composited with R and B frames from the DSS. Four 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop. These were then composited with DSS plates for luminance (60% DSS) and chrominance (35% DSS).


LRGB image of star cluster NGC 1977 embedded in the Running Man Nebula in Orion, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 2/11/16 from Johnson City, Texas. Three 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of planetary nebula NGC 7048 in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 8/14/15 from Johnson City, Texas. Five 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of emission and reflection nebula NGC 7133 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 10/24/14 from Johnson City, Texas. Twenty-one 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6781 in Aquila, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 10/24/14 from Johnson City, Texas. Nine 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of emission and reflection nebula M20 (the "Trifid") in Sagittarius, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 5/28/14 from the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas. Twelve 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of reflection and dust nebula NGC 7023 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 5/26/14 from the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas. Thirty-two 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of planetary Nebula NGC 6543 in Draco, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 5/7/13 from the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas. Thirty-six 180-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop. Signal-to-noise of the sky background and faint nebular areas was improved by adding data from red and blue DSS plates.


LRGB image of dust and reflection nebula Cederblad 201 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.8 on 10/19/12 from Johnson City, Texas. Thirty 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of planetary nebula Abell 39 in Hercules, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.7 on 6/30/11 from Johnson City, Texas. Eight 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of emission and dust nebula Sharpless 2-112 in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.7 on 6/30/11 from Johnson City, Texas. Eighteen 600-second subexposures were guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


** LRGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6751 in Aquila, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OIII and NII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


LRGB image of emission/erosion nebula Sharpless 2-86 (NGC 6820) and open cluster NGC 6823 in Vulpecula, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.7 on 10/7-9/10 from Fort McKavett, Texass. Twenty-three 600-second subexposures were self-guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


LRGB image of planetary nebular M27 in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with an Orion Parsec 8300C one-shot-color camera, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f6.7 on 9/28/10 from Friendswood, Texass. Eight 600-second subexposures were self-guided in Astroart and processed in MaxIm DL, AIP4WIN, and Photoshop.


** LRGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6369 in Ophiuchus, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OIII, Ha, and NII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


** LRGB image of planetary nebula NGC 5315 in Circinus, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OIII, Ha, NII, and SII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


** RGB image of planetary nebula Minkowski 2-9 in Ophiuchus, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OI, OIII, Ha, Hb, NII, and SII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


** RGB image of planetary nebula IC 4634 in Ophiuchus, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OIII, Ha, amd NII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


** RGB image of planetary nebula Henize 2-47 in Sagittarius, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OIII, Ha, amd NII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


** RGB image of planetary nebula Hubble 5 in Sagittarius, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OI, OIII, Ha, NII, and SII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


** RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 5882 in Lupus, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OIII, Ha, and NII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


** RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 3918 in southern Centaurus, processed by Al Kelly from narrow-band filtered images (OIII, Ha, and NII) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2 camera in 2008. All processing accomplished in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of Supernova remnant M1 (the Crab Nebula) in Taurus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider with SX AO unit, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 2/15/10 from Johnson City, Texas, using Orion CRGB filters. Six 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 420-second subexposures in red, three 620-second subexposures in green, and four 420-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6826, the "Blinking Nebula," in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider with SX AO unit, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.6 on 11/5/09 from Friendswood, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Sixty 60-second clear-filtered subexposures, nineteen 120-second subexposures in red, twelve 120-second subexposures in green, and sixteen 120-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 40 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider with SX AO unit, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.6 on 10/23/09 from Friendswood, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Twenty-three 240-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 480-second subexposures in red, three 480-second subexposures in green, and five 480-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of eroded molecular cloud IC 63 near Gamma Cassiopeia, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider with SX AO unit, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 10/22/08 from Fort McKavett, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Twelve 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 450-second subexposures in red, three 480-second subexposures in green, and four 450-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of nebula M16 in Serpens, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider with SX AO unit, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 8/26/08 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Eight 60-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 60-second subexposures in red, three 60-second subexposures in green, and four 60-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of open cluster NGC 6520 and dark nebula B86 in Sagittarius, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 6/6/08 from the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Three 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 240-second subexposures in red, three 240-second subexposures in green, and four 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of reflection nebulae NGC 6914 and 6914A, surrounded by emission nebulae and dust in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 6/5/08 from the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Eight 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 420-second subexposures in red, three 420-second subexposures in green, and four 420-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula PK318+41.1 in Virgo, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916, Lodestar autoguider, and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 6/5/08 from the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Nine 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 300-second subexposures in red, three 300-second subexposures in green, and four 300-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of star cluster M46 with planetary nebula NGC 2438 in Puppis, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 04/04/08 from Fort McKavett, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Five 600-second subexposures in red, three 600-second subexposures in green, and four 600-second subexposures in blue were auto-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of nebulous star cluster IC 2172 in Monoceros, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 02/09/08 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Nine 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, ten 240-second subexposures in red, six 240-second subexposures in green, and seven 240-second subexposures in blue were auto-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of the "Butterfly" planetary nebula NGC 2346 in Monoceros, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 02/09/08 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Ten 300-second clear-filtered subexposures, five 300-second subexposures in red, three 300-second subexposures in green, and four 300-second subexposures in blue were auto-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


* LR/RGB image of supernova remnant IC443 in Gemini, made from red, blue, amd green (visual) DSS plates. Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop. See
LARGE for a higher resolution image.


* LR/RGB image of emission nebulae SH2-231, SG2-232, and SH2-135 in Auriga, made from red, blue, amd green (visual) DSS plates. Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop. See
LARGE for a higher resolution image.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula M76 in Perseus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 12/30/07 from Friendswood, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Nine 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, eight 240-second subexposures in red, six 240-second subexposures in green, and six 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of emission nebula NGC 1491 in Perseus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 12/05/07 from Friendswood, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Nine 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, ten 240-second subexposures in red, six 240-second subexposures in green, and seven 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 7139 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 11/09/07 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Nine 300-second clear-filtered subexposures, eight 180-second subexposures in red, five 180-second subexposures in green, and six 180-second subexposures in blue were auto-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of emission nebula SH2-140 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 11/08/07 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Six 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, ten 240-second subexposures in red, six 240-second subexposures in green, and seven 240-second subexposures in blue were auto-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of emission nebula SH2-235 in Auriga, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.5 on 11/08/07 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Astrodon CRGB filters. Six 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, ten 240-second subexposures in red, six 240-second subexposures in green, and seven 240-second subexposures in blue were auto-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 7662 in Andromeda, known as the "Blue Snowball", made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.4 on 10/20/07 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Seven 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, four 480-second subexposures in red, three 480-second subexposures in green, and five 480-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


* LR/RGB image of a beautiful region of the Milky Way in Aquila. This region includes emission nebula SH2-72, globular cluster NGC 6749, planetary nebula SH2-71, dust nebula B-329, and countless galactic stars. Made from red, blue, and green (visual) DSS images. Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop. This image comprises an area about 1.9 degrees square.


* LR/RGB image of the Supernova Remnant Veil Nebula in Cygnus, made from red, blue, and green (visual) DSS images. Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop. This image comprises an area about 2.75 degrees square.


* LR/RGB image of emission nebula SH2-132 in Cepheus, made from red, blue, and green (visual) DSS images. Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


* LR/RGB image of open cluster NGC 6823 imbedded in emission nebula NGC 6820 in Vulpecula, made from red, blue, and green (visual) DSS images. Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of emission nebula Sharpless 2-311 with imbedded star cluster NGC 2467 in Puppis, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.4 on 2/15/07 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Three 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, four 240-second subexposures in red, three 240-second subexposures in green, and five 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of "Thor's Helmet", NGC 2359, in Canis Major, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.4 on 2/17/07 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Eleven 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, four 480-second subexposures in red, three 480-second subexposures in green, and five 480-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


LR/RGB image of planetary nebula remnant SH2-188 in Cassiopeia, made from red DSS images and LRGB images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.4 on 10/19/06 from Fort McKavett, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Eight 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, four 300-second subexposures in red, three 300-second subexposures in green, and five 300-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6905 in Delphinus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.4 on 9/26/06 from Jack Petersen's observatory near Johnson City, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Four 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, four 300-second subexposures in red, three 300-second subexposures in green, and five 300-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6781 in Aquila, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.4 on 9/20/06 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Five 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, four 300-second subexposures in red, three 300-second subexposures in green, and five 300-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of exploding Wolf-Rayet star Sh 2-80 (Minkowski's 1-67, AKA Minkowski's Butterfly) in Sagitta, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a Celestron CGE 1400 at f5.4 on 9/19/06 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Five 600-second clear-filtered subexposures, four 300-second subexposures in red, three 300-second subexposures in green, and five 300-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 3242 (known as the "Ghost of Jupiter") in Hydra, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian on 2/26/06 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Ten 120-second unfiltered subexposures, four 120-second subexposures in red, three 120-second subexposures in green, and five 120-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop. The filtered exposures were binned 2x2.


L/RGB image of dust and reflection nebula NGC 1999 in Orion, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian on 1/2/06 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Seven 120-second unfiltered exposures, four 120-second subexposures in red, three 120-second subexposures in green, and five 120-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of multi-lobed planetary NGC 2371 in Gemini, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 32" f4 Newtonian on 12/28/05 from Danciger, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Five 300-second unfiltered exposures, four 180-second subexposures in red, three 180-second subexposures in green, and five 180-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 246 in Pisces, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and an 8" SCT on 11/3/05 from the Eldorado Star Party near Sonora, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Fourteen 300-second unfiltered subexposures, seven 300-second subexposures in red, six 300-second subexposures in green, and eight 300-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 40 in Cepheus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and an 17.5" Newtonian on 10/21/05 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Fifteen 120-second unfiltered exposures, ten 120-second subexposures in red, seven 120-second subexposures in green, and twelve 120-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 7009 in Aquarius, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and an 17.5" Newtonian on 10/8/05 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Ten 120-second unfiltered exposures, four 120-second subexposures in red, three 120-second subexposures in green, and five 120-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of the Dumbbell Nebula (M27) in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and an 8" SCT on 8/30/05 from near La Grange, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Six 600-second unfiltered exposures, five 300-second subexposures in red, four 300-second subexposures in green, and six 300-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of the Omega Nebula (M17), made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and an 8" SCT on 8/6/05 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Four 600-second unfiltered exposures, two 600-second subexposures in red, two 600-second subexposures in green, and three 600-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


* L/RGB color composite of emission nebula Sharpless2-142 (Cepheus). Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


* L/RGB color composite of reflection nebulae NGC 6914a/b/c (Cygnus). Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 2438 and open cluster M46 in Puppis, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" Newtonian on 3/11/05 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Six 240-second unfiltered exposures, three 240-second subexposures in red, two 240-second subexposures in green, and three 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.

NEW
* L/RGB color composite of planetary nebula NGC 1514 (Taurus). Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB image of planetary Nebula NGC 7008 in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" Newtonian on 10/15/04 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Seven 120-second unfiltered subexposures, five 120-second subexposures in red, four 120-second subexposures in green, and five 120-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.

NEW
* L/RGB color composite of planetary nebula NGC 7139 (Cepheus). Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.

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* L/RGB color composite of reflection nebula NGC 7133 (Cepheus). Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


* L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6781 (Aquila), made from luminance images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian on 08/14/04 from Friendswood, Texas. Chrominance was provided from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Six 240-second self-guided unfiltered subexposures comprised theluminance. Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.

NEW
* L/RGB color composite of M1, the Crab Nebula. Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.

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* L/RGB color composite of NGC 7635, the Bubble nebula. Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, and green-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.

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* L/RGB color composite of nebulosity at the center of IC1318. Made by Al Kelly from images digitized from red, blue, green, and infrared-sensitive photographic plates provided to the public by the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). Processed in AIP4WIN and Photoshop.


L/RGB color composite of McNeil's Nebula, the newly born reflection nebula recently discovered bu Jay McNeil near M78. Made by Al Kelly from images taken on 2/26/04 by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made numerous CCD images through the 1.55-meter USNO scope using BVI filters. All images were summed to create the luminance layer, while red=I, green=V, and blue=B.


L/RGB color composite of planetary nebula PK 164 +31.1 in Lynx. Made from images taken by Al Kelly on 1/24/04 with a 12" Takahashi Richey and SBIG ST8E CCD camera. The scope is an automated, remotely operable instrument located near Cloudcroft NM. It is owned by Arnie Rosner, who lets users operate it through his Rent-A-Scope business (see
http://www.arnierosner.com/are/index.htm ). Eighteen 300-second clear-filtered subexposures, eight 300-second subexposures in red, seven 300-second subexposures in green, and eleven 300-second subexposures in blue were processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB color composite of the expanding stellar debris from GK Persei, well known for Nova Persei 1901. Made by Al Kelly from images taken on 12/29/03 by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made numerous CCD images through the 1.55-meter USNO scope using BVR filters. All images were summed to create the luminance layer, while red=I, green=V, and blue=B.


L/RGB color composite of NGC 281("Pacman Nebula") in Cassiopeia. Made from images taken by Al Kelly on 12/21/03 with a 12" Takahashi Mewlon and FLI DM CCD camera. The scope is an automated, remotely operable instrument located near Cloudcroft NM. It is owned by Arnie Rosner, who lets users operate it through his Rent-A-Scope business (see
http://www.arnierosner.com/are/index.htm ). Six 300-second subexposures in red, five 300-second subexposures in green, and six 300-second subexposures in blue were processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB color composite of the expanding light echo from nova v838 Monocerotis. Made by Al Kelly from images taken on 10/21/03 by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made numerous images using BVRI filters. All images were summed to create the luminance layer, while red=I, green=V, and blue=B.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula M27 (The Dumbbell) in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian on 8/2/03 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Five 240-second unfiltered subexposures, three 240-second subexposures in red, two 240-second subexposures in green, and three 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6772 in Aquila, superimposed onto a grayscale image of the surrounding starfield, made from unfiltered luminance images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 32" f4 Newtonian on 7/18/03 from Danciger, Texas, and RGB frames made on 9/7/01. Theluminance image was processed froma stack of five 240-second exposures. All processing in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 4361 in Corvus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 32" f4 Newtonian on 5/30/03 from Danciger, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc filters. Four 240-second unfiltered subexposures, two 240-second subexposures in red, two 240-second subexposures in green, and two 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB composite of the Cone Nebula (near NGC 2264 in Monoceros) made by Al Kelly from BVRI-filtered images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory. All images were summed to create luminance. Chrominance assignments were Red = R+I, Green = V, and Blue = B.


L/RGB false-color composite of the "Rotten Egg Nebula", a bipolar expulsion nebula surrounding the Mira variable star QX Puppis, made by Al Kelly from filtered images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory, using the 1.55-meter Richey telescope and an IR detector array. Arne made images using J, H, and K-band IR filters (J = 1.2 microns, H = 1.6 microns, and K = 2.2 microns). All images were averaged to create luminance. Chrominance assignments were J:H:K=B:G:R.


L/RGB image of the Orion Nebula (M42), made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a C8 @ f5 on 12/27/02 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc and Hutech LPS filters. Twenty 30-second unfiltered (LPS only) subexposures, five 120-second subexposures in red, five 120-second subexposures in green, and five 120-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC1514 in Taurus, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a C8 @ f5 on 12/28/02 from Friendswood, Texas, using Schuler RGcBc and Hutech LPS filters. Twelve 240-second unfiltered (LPS only) subexposures, seven 240-second subexposures in red, four 240-second subexposures in green, and four 240-second subexposures in blue were self-guided in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


This is a movie (an animated GIF) showing the expanding light echo of nova V838 Monocerotis, discovered by an amateur in January 2002. Made by Al Kelly from images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made UVBRI image sets in January, May, September, and November. The GIF comprises a sequence of L/RGB color composites made from these image sets.,


L/RGB image of the "Blinking Planetary" (NGC6826) in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 11/22-23/02 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Friendswood, Texas. Thirty-six 120-second self-guided unfiltered subexposures, six 180-second subexposures in red, seven 180-second subexposures in green, and seven 180-second subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB color composite of the expanding light echo from nova v838 Monocerotis. Made by Al Kelly from images taken on 11/21/02 by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made numerous images using BVR filters. All images were summed to create the luminance layer, while red=R, green=V, and blue=B.

Arne says: "V838 Mon is a peculiar nova that was discovered in outburst in January by N. Brown, an Australian amateur.  It was considered unusual because the outflow velocities were low (not exceeding 500km/sec), it has a cool supergiant spectrum, and has a complex light curve, with wide variations between wavelengths.  However, what really made V838 Mon different from other novae was the appearance of the light-echo, first seen in mid-February in the U bandpass. There is still some controversy as to whether the material illuminated by the outburst light is in front of the object or is mass ejected during prior evolution.  The nice thing is that V838 Mon itself has faded dramatically in the past couple of weeks, making the relatively faint light echo an easy target for just about any amateur telescope."

V838 Mon can be seen at RA 07:04:04.81  DEC -03:50:50.9  (J2000).


L/RGB image of the Helix nebula (NGC 7293) in Aquarius, made from images taken by Al Kelly with a Starlight Express MX916 and a C8 @ f5 on 10/3/02 and 10/6/02 from Johnson City, Texas. Nine 600-second unfiltered subexposures, two 600-second subexposures in red, two 600-second subexposures in green, and two 600-second subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of the Lagoon Nebula (M8) in Sagittarius, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 8/10/02 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a C8 @ f5 from Friendswood, Texas. Four 240-second unfiltered subexposures, two 240-second subexposures in red, one 240-second subexposure in green, and two 240-second subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6543 in Draco, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 8/3/02 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Twenty-one 60-second unfiltered subexposures, ten 60-second subexposures in red, ten 60-second subexposures in green, and ten 60-second subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6781 in Aquila, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 8/3/02 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Five 240-second unfiltered subexposures, two 240-second subexposures in red, two 240-second subexposures in green, and two 240-second subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of "Campbell's Hydrogen Star", planetary nebula PK64+5.1 in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 8/3/02 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. One 60-second exposure in red, one 60-second exposure in green, and one 60-second exposure in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of emission nebula NGC 6888 in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 7/20/02 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a C8 @ f5 from Friendswood, Texas. A 75% waxing moon kept the sky background very bright. The new RGcBc filter set from Chet Schuler was used. Five 600-second unfiltered subexposures, two 600-second subexposures in red, two 600-second subexposures in green, and two 600-second subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.
Which of the three processing versions do you like the best? SEND ME YOUR OPINION! (to akelly@ghg.net )


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC 6563 in Sagittarius, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 6/16/02 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. The new RGcBc filter set from Chet Schuler was used. Four 240-second unfiltered subexposures, two 240-second subexposures in red, two 240-second subexposures in green, and two 240-second subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB false color composite of Infrared star formation nebula GGD27 in Sagittarius. Made by Al Kelly from images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory. Arne made numerous images using J, H, & K filters (1.2, 1.6, and 2.2 microns, respectively). All images were summed to create the luminance layer, while red=J, green=H, and blue=K. See a 2MASS (Two Micron All-Sky Survey) image of this object
here.

GGD (Gyulbudaghian, Glushkov, & Denisyuk) 27 can be seen (barely, at visual wavelengths) at RA 18:19:12.1  DEC -20:47:31.0  (J2000).


L/RGB image of planetary nebula M57 (the Ring Nebula in Lyra), made from luminance (unfiltered) images taken by Al Kelly on 5/29/98 with a CB245 and chrominance (RGB-filtered) images taken on 5/19 /02 with a Starlight Express MX916, both using a 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. The new RGcBc filter set from Chet Schuler was used. Two 60-second low-res subexposures in red, two 60-second low-res subexposures in green, and two 60-second low-res subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of the central portion of the Helix Nebula (NGC 7293) in Aquarius, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 10/20/01 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Johnson City, Texas. Five 240-second low-res unfiltered subexposures, two 240-second low-res subexposures in red, two 240-second low-res subexposures in green, and two 240-second low-res subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of emission/reflection nebula NGC 1931 in Auriga, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 10/19/01 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Johnson City, Texas. Nine 120-second high-res unfiltered subexposures, five 60-second low-res subexposures in red, five 60-second low-res subexposures in green, and five 60-second low-res subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of a portion of the NGC 6992 section of the Veil Nebula in Cygnus, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 10/18/01 with a Starlight Express MX916 and a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Johnson City, Texas. Seven 240-second high-res unfiltered subexposures, two 240-second low-res subexposures in red, two 240-second low-res subexposures in green, and two 240-second low-res subexposures in blue were acquired in Astroart and processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB image of planetary nebula NGC6772 in Aquila, made from images taken by Al Kelly and Danny Siner on 9/7/01 with a Starlight Express MX916 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Six 120-second unfiltered subexposures, two 120-second subexposures in red, two 120-second subexposures in green, and two 120-second subexposures in blue were processed in AIP4WIN.


L/RGB color composite of planetary nebula NGC6826. Made by Al Kelly from images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made numerous images using B, V, R, and Ha filters. All images were summed to create the luminance layer, while red=R, green=V, and blue=B.


L/RGB color composite of Van Den Berg 142 (embedded in IC1396 in Cepheus). Made by Al Kelly from images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made numerous images, both unfiltered and using B, V, R, and Ha filters. This image retains true color while emphasizing the Ha nebular component. The unfiltered and Ha images were summed to create the luminance layer, red=R+Ha, green=V, and blue=B.


L/RGB image of the Bug Nebula (NGC6302), a planetary nebula in Scorpius, made from images taken by Al Kelly and Ed Grafton on 7/20/01 with an SBIG ST-9E and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Eight 60-second subexposures and one 240-second subexposure in white (unfiltered except for an IR blocker), two 120-second subexposures in red, two 120-second subexposures in green, and two 120-second subexposures in blue were processed in AIP4WIN.


WCMY image of planetary nebula M76, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 8/25/00 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Eleven 60-second subexposures in cyan, nine 60-second subexposures in magenta, and seven 60-second subexposures in yellow were combined with sixteen 60-second subexposures in white (unfiltered). All subexposures were autoguided with a
Quickcam autoguider built by Al Kelly, based on guidance provided by Marty Niemi and Chuck Shaw. See Marty;s QC guider page at http://www.ameritech.net/users/mniemi000/auto.html and Chuck's page at http://www.ghg.net/cshaw/quickcam.htm for more information on this excellent little system.


MRGB composite of star formation nebula DG114 (Monoceros) made in QCOLOR by combining images taken on 2/20/98 by Al Kelly with a 32" Newtonian at f4. The unfiltered, red, green and blue exposures were stacked totals of 4 minutes, 2.5 minutes, 6 minutes, and 8.5 minutes, respectively.


L/RGB color composite of the bipolar expulsion nebula surrounding the Mira variable star QX Puppis, made by Al Kelly from filtered images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ, using the 1.0-meter Richey telescope and a 1Kx1K CCD array. Arne made six images using BVRI filters (B/V/R/I = 1/1/1/3). The I images were summed to create the luminance layer, red=R, green=V, and blue=B. Smaller image is cropped and zoomed on the nebula.


L/RGB color composite of dark nebula B33 (The Horsehead), made by Al Kelly from filtered images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. Arne made 5 images using BVR filters and three images unfiltered for luminance, totaling 85 minutes of exposure time. Arne used the 1.0-meter USNO telescope and a 1024x1024 SITe-chip CCD camera.


L/CMY image of planetary nebula NGC 1535 in the constellation Eridanus, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 11/25/00 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Six 15-second subexposures in cyan, five 15-second subexposures in magenta, and five 15-second subexposures in yellow were combined with six 15-second subexposures in white (unfiltered).


L/CMY image of large, diffuse planetary nebula NGC 246, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 9/29/00 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Eighteen 30-second subexposures in cyan, eighteen 30-second subexposures in magenta, and thirteen 30-second subexposures in yellow were combined with nineteen 30-second subexposures in white (unfiltered) using
AIP for Windows, Richard Berry and Jim Burnell's terrific new image processing program. See http://www.willbell.com/new/index.htm for more information.


Luminance-layered image of the Omega Nebula (M17), made from images taken with an Apogee AP7P camera and CMY filters on 5/6/00 by Al Kelly at TSP 2000 (the Texas Star Party) in the Davis Mountains of West Texas with a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian. Thirty-second subexposures were autoguided. Total stacked exposure durations were 7 minutes C, 6 minutes M, and 5 minutes Y.


Luminance-layered image of star formation nebula NGC7133, made from images taken with an Apogee AP7P camera and CMY filters on 5/4/00 by Al Kelly at TSP 2000 (the Texas Star Party) in the Davis Mountains of West Texas with a 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian. Seven-second subexposures were autoguided. Total stacked exposure durations were 280 seconds through each of the CMY filters.


Luminance-layered image of the Owl Nebula (M97), made from images taken with an Apogee AP7P camera and CMY filters on 4/8/00 by Al Kelly and Danny Siner with a 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Thirty-second subexposures were autoguided. Total stacked exposure durations were 10 minutes unfiltered and 5 minutes through each of the CMY filters.


RGB color composite of nebula near the variable star LW Cassiopeia, made by Al Kelly from filtered images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ with the USNO 1.0- meter telescope. Arne made 6 images using UBVRIH filters. Al composited U+B=blue, V=green, and R+I+H=red.


WCMY image of planetary nebula NGC2440, made from images taken by Al Kelly on 2/26/00 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Eighteen 15-second subexposures in cyan, eighteen 15-second subexposures in magenta, and fourteen 15-second subexposures in yellow were combined with thirty-three 15-second subexposures in white (unfiltered).


WCMY image of NGC2261 (Hubble's Variable Nebula), made from images taken by Al Kelly on 2/26/00 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Sixteen 15-second subexposures in cyan, sixteen 15-second subexposures in magenta, and sixteen 15-second subexposures in yellow were combined with twenty-five 15-second subexposures in white (unfiltered).


RGB color composite of supernova remnant SH2-224 made by Al Kelly from filtered images taken by Arne Henden of the US Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ with the USNO 1.0- meter telescope. Arne used BVH filters (B=blue, V=green, and H=Hydrogen alpha=red). Sh2-224 is located about 3.5 degrees SE of Capella.


WCMY image of the Flame Nebula (NGC2024), made by Al Kelly on 12/26/99 with CB245 and C-8 @ f5.6 from Friendswood, Texas. Twenty 20-second subexposures in cyan, twenty 20-second subexposures in magenta, and twenty 20-second subexposures in yellow were combined with thirty 20-second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


WCMY mosaic of the Veil Nebula (NGC6960), made by Al Kelly on 10/9/99 with CB245 and 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Ft. McKavett, Texas. Three frames were pieced together in PhotoShop. For each frame, eight 30-second subexposures in cyan, eight 30-second subexposures in magenta, and eight 30-second subexposures in yellow were combined with ten 30-second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


Luminance-layered image of the Horsehead Nebula, with the luminance layer made from unfiltered images taken on 3/4/00 by Al Kelly with a C-8 at f5.6 from Ft. McKavett, Texas. The chrominance was taken from a beautiful LRGB image made by Rob Gendler. Rob's original image can be seen on his website (see links at the bottom of this page)


WCMY image of dusty nebula NGC1788, made by Al Kelly and Danny Siner on 12/28/99 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Ten 30-second subexposures in cyan, ten 30-second subexposures in magenta, and ten 30-second subexposures in yellow were combined with eighteen 30-second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


WCMY image of planetary nebula PK80-6.1 (CRL2688, the Egg Nebula), taken by Al Kelly on 5/21/99 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Zoomed image is to the right. This object was made famous by the 1997 HST images showing incredible detail at the core. For my rather poor image (in comparison), eleven 20-second subexposures in cyan, nine 20-second subexposures in magenta, and nine 20-second subexposures in yellow were combined with eighteen 20-second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


WCMY image of the Eagle Nebula (M16) made by Al Kelly on 4/17/99 from Ft. McKavett, Texas using a CB245 and a C-8 telecompressed to f5.6. Eighteen 30- second subexposures in cyan, sixteen 30-second subexposures in magenta, and fifteen 30-second subexposures in yellow were combined with twenty 30-second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


WCMY image of the Trifid Nebula (M20) made by Al Kelly on 4/16/99 from Ft. McKavett, Texas using a CB245 and a C-8 telecompressed to f5.6. Forty-eight 15-second subexposures in cyan, forty 15-second subexposures in magenta, and thirty-two 15-second subexposures in yellow were combined with fifty-seven 15- second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


New filter process (WYR) image of the "Ghost of Jupiter" planetary nebula, NGC3242, taken by Al Kelly on 2/13/99 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Ten 10-second subexposures in white (using Schott longpass filter GG385), seven 10-second subexposures in yellow (using Schott longpass filter GG495), and five 10-second subexposures in red (using Schott longpass filter OG590) were combined.


New filter process (WYR) image of reflection nebula M78, taken by Al Kelly on 2/12/99 with CB245 and C-8 @ f5.6 from Friendswood, Texas.


WCMY image of the Horsehead Nebula, taken by Al Kelly on 1/9/99 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Twenty-two 15-second subexposures in cyan, eighteen 15-second subexposures in magenta, and sixteen 15-second subexposures in yellow were combined with twenty-four 15-second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


WCMY image of planetary nebula NGC1501, taken by Al Kelly and Ed Grafton on 12/19/98 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. Twenty 15- second subexposures in cyan, sixteen 15-second subexposures in magenta, and twelve 15-second subexposures in yellow were combined with twenty-two 15- second subexposures in white (IR-filtered only).


WCMY color CCD image of planetary nebula NGC7008 taken on 9/26/98 by Al Kelly with a 32" Newtonian at f4 from Danciger, Texas. The IR-filtered, cyan, magenta, and yellow exposures were stacked totals of 9, 7, 6, and 5 minutes respectively.


WCMY color CCD image of tiny (10 arcsecond) planetary nebula Jonckheere 900taken on 9/26/98 by Al Kelly with a 32" Newtonian at f4 from Danciger, Texas. The IR-filtered, cyan, magenta, and yellow exposures were stacked totals of 2.75, 2.25, 1.75, and 1.25 minutes respectively.


WCMY color CCD image of planetary nebula NGC6445 made from images taken on 6/20/98 by Al Kelly with a 32" Newtonian at f4 from Danciger, Texas. The IR- filtered, cyan, magenta, and yellow exposures were stacked totals of 3.75, 4.75, 3.5, and 2.5 minutes respectively.


WCMY color CCD image of the Ring Nebula (M57) made from images taken on 5/29/98 by Al Kelly with a 32" Newtonian at f4 from Danciger, Texas. Made with the new color imaging method recently developed by Richard Berry, Chuck Shaw, Ed Grafton, and Al Kelly. The IR-filtered, cyan, magenta, and yellow exposures were stacked totals of 7.25, 4, 3, and 2 minutes respectively.


WCMY color CCD image of rabbit-eared planetary NGC6369 made from images taken on 6/20/98 by Al Kelly with a 32" Newtonian at f4 from Danciger, Texas. The IR-filtered, cyan, magenta, and yellow exposures were stacked totals of 4, 4.5, 3.25, and 2.5 minutes respectively.


WCMY color CCD image of one of the "batwings" of the Orion Nebula (M42) made from images taken on 3/27/98 by Al Kelly with a 17.5" Newtonian at f4.5 from Ft. McKavett, Texas. Made with the new color imaging method recently developed by Richard Berry, Chuck Shaw, Ed Grafton, and Al Kelly. The IR- filtered, cyan, magenta, and yellow exposures were stacked totals of 90, 120, 90, and 60 seconds respectively.


WCMY color CCD image of the Owl Nebula (M97) made from images taken on 3/21/98 by Al Kelly with a 32" Newtonian at f4 from Danciger, Texas. Made with the new color imaging method recently developed by Richard Berry, Chuck Shaw, Ed Grafton, and Al Kelly. The IR-filtered, cyan, magenta, and yellow expsoures were stacked totals of 5, 5, 4, and 3 minutes respectively.


WRGB composite of NGC 2392 (The Eskimo Nebula) made from images taken by Al Kelly and Ed Grafton on 1/17/98 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. The unfiltered image was a stacked total of 5 minutes. The red, green and blue exposures were stacked totals of 4.5 minutes, 6.5 minutes, and 8.25 minutes, respectively.


WRGB composite of Hubble's Variable Nebula made from images taken by ED GRAFTON on 12/27/97 with an SBIG ST-6 and C-14 @ f7 from Houston, Texas. The red, green and blue exposures were stacked totals of 10 minutes, 20 minutes, and 28 minutes, respectively. To get to Ed's web site follow the link in the bottom section of this page.


WRGB composite of NGC7635 (the Bubble Nebula) made from images taken by Al Kelly on 11/23/97 with CB245 and 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Friendswood, Texas. The unfiltered image was a stacked total of 10 minutes. The red, green and blue exposures were stacked totals of 5 minutes, 10 minutes, and 13 minutes, respectively.


Tricolor of planetary nebula NGC7048 taken by Al Kelly on 9/27/97 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. The red, green and blue exposures were stacked totals of 4.5 minutes, 9.5 minutes, and 11 minutes, respectively.


Tricolor of planetary nebula NGC40 taken by Al Kelly on 9/27/97 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. The red, green and blue exposures were stacked totals of 3 minutes, 7.5 minutes, and 9.5 minutes, respectively.


MRGB composite of stellar nebula NGC1999 made from images taken by Al Kelly on 1/23/98 with CB245 and C-8 @ f10 from Friendswood, Texas. The unfiltered image was a stacked total of 5 minutes. The red, green and blue exposures were stacked totals of 3 minutes, 6.5 minutes, and 12.5 minutes, respectively.


MRGB of the Bug Nebula (NGC6302) taken by Al Kelly on 8/30/97 with CB245 and 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Ft. McKavett, Texas. The red, green, and blue exposures were 2.5 minutes, 3.5 minutes, and 4 minutes, respectively.


MRGB of the Crab nebula (M1) by Al Kelly, taken on 2/4/97 with CB245 and 17.5" f4.5 Newtonian from Santa Fe, Texas. 3.5 minutes in red, 10 minutes in green, and 12 minutes in blue.


MRGB of planetary nebula NGC2438 within open cluster M46 from exposures taken on 12/07/96 by Al Kelly with 32" f4 Newtonian and CB245 from Danciger, Texas.


The majestic Horsehead Nebula imaged on 11/10/96 by Ed Grafton with his C-8 (at f5.6) and ST-6 CCD camera from Danciger, Texas.


MRGB of the Veil Nebula (portion of NGC 6960) imaged on 10/12/96 by Al Kelly with 32" f4 Newtonian and CB245 CCD camera from Danciger, Texas. 4.25 minutes in red, 6.5 minutes in green, and 5.75 minutes in blue.


MRGB of NGC 7009, the Saturn Nebula, by Al Kelly, taken on 9/14/96 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. 60 seconds of red, 75 seconds of green, and 90 seconds of blue were composited.

MORE NEBULA IMAGES (click on name to view)

MRGB image of M57 (the Ring Nebula) by Al Kelly, taken on 9/14/96 with CB245 and 32" f4 Newtonian from Danciger, Texas. The red, green, and blue exposures were 90 seconds, 105 seconds, and 90 seconds, respectively.

Image of the Eagle Nebula (M16) by Ed Grafton; a 20-minute exposure taken on 7/8/96 with his ST-6 and C-14 from Clear Lake City, Texas.

Tricolor image of planetary nebula NGC3132 (the "Eight-Burst" nebula) taken on 12/07/96 by Al Kelly with 32" f4 Newtonian and CB245 from Danciger, Texas.

Image of M20 (The Trifid Nebula) taken by Chuck Shaw with his CB245 and 14" Newtonian from Danciger, Texas on 6/9/96.

Tricolor image of M27 (Dumbbell Nebula) by Al Kelly, taken on 9/6/96 with CB245 and C-8 (at f10) from Friendswood, Texas. This was done using a new filter wheel designed by Andy Saulietis....thanks, Andy, for another great piece of work! This has near-human-vision color balance, since an SBIG infrared blocking filter was also used. The red, green, and blue exposures were 3.5 minutes, 5.5 minutes, and 11 minutes, respectively.

Image of planetary nebula NGC6781 by Ed Grafton, taken on 8/16/96 with his ST-6 and C-14 from Clear Lake City, Texas.

Image of M17 (Omega Nebula) by Ed Grafton, taken on 7/13/96 with his ST-6 and C-8 from Danciger, Texas.

Image of The Veil Nebula by Al Kelly with 32" Newtonian and CB245 -- 2 minutes in 9/95

Image of The Horsehead Nebula by Al Kelly with 32" Newtonian and CB245 -- 3.75 minutes in 9/95

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